“Darkness fell, not the dark of a moonless or cloudy night, but as if the lamp had been put out in a dark room” POMPEII

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On August 24, 79 AD, Vesuvius erupted, burying the nearby town of Pompeii in ash and soot, killing around 3,000 people, the rest of the population of 20,000 people having already fled, and preserving the city in its state from that fateful day. Pompeii is an excavation (It: scavi) site and outdoor museum of the ancient Roman settlement. This site is considered to be one of the few sites where an ancient city has been preserved in detail – everything from jars and tables to paintings and people was frozen in time, yielding, together with neighbouring Herculaneum which suffered the same fate, an unprecedented opportunity to see how the people lived two thousand years ago.

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A “firestorm” of poisonous vapors and molten debris engulfed the surrounding area suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring Roman resort cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae. Tons of falling debris filled the streets until nothing remained to be seen of the once thriving communities. The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavation began in 1748. These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire.An ancient voice reaches out from the past to tell us of the disaster. This voice belongs to Pliny the Younger whose letters describes his experience during the eruption while he was staying in the home of his Uncle, Pliny the Elder. The elder Pliny was an official in the Roman Court, in charge of the fleet in the area of the Bay of Naples and a naturalist. Pliny the Younger’s letters were discovered in the 16th century.pompei7

Wrath of the Gods

A few years after the event, Pliny wrote a friend, Cornelius Tacitus, describing the happenings of late August 79 AD when the eruption of Vesuvius obliterated Pompeii, killed his Uncle and almost destroyed his family. At the time, Pliney was eighteen and living at his Uncle’s villa in the town of Misenum. We pick up his story as he describes the warning raised by his mother:

“My uncle was stationed at Misenum, in active command of the fleet. On 24 August, in the early afternoon, my mother drew his attention to a cloud of unusual size and appearance. He had been out in the sun, had taken a cold bath, and lunched while lying down, and was then working at his books. He called for his shoes and climbed up to a place which would give him the best view of the phenomenon. It was not clear at that distance from which mountain the cloud was rising (it was afterwards known to be Vesuvius); its general appearance can best be expressed as being like an umbrella pine, for it rose to a great height on a sort of trunk and then split off into branches, I imagine because it was thrust upwards by the first blast and then left unsupported as the pressure subsided, or else it was borne down by its own weight so that it spread out and gradually dispersed. In places it looked white, elsewhere blotched and dirty, according to the amount of soil and ashes it carried with it.

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“Darkness fell, not the dark of a moonless or cloudy night, but as if the lamp had been put out in a dark room,” wrote Pliny the Younger, who witnessed the cataclysm from across the Bay of Naples.

The darkness Pliny described drew the final curtain on an era in Pompeii. But the disaster also preserved a slice of Roman life. The buildings, art, artifacts, and bodies forever frozen offer a unique window on the ancient world. Since its rediscovery in the mid-18th century the site has hosted a tireless succession of treasure hunters and archaeologists. “Pompeii as an archaeological site is the longest continually excavated site in the world,”

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The People’s Pompeii

“It’s kind of a lost neighborhood of the city. When they first cleared it of debris in the 1870s they left this block for ruin (because it had no large villas) and it was covered over with a terrible jungle of vegetation.”  Much research has centered on public buildings and breathtaking villas that portray the artistic and opulent lifestyle enjoyed by the city’s wealthy elite.

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Archeologists are trying to see how the other 98percent of people lived in Pompeii. It’s a humble town block with houses, shops, and all the bits and pieces that make up the life of an ancient city.

But the eruption still resonates because of the intimate connection it created between past and present. They’re digging in an area where a lot of Pompeians died during the eruption and can investigate in such detail this ancient Roman culture as a direct result of a great human disaster.

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Preserving Pompeii’s Past for the Future

Even after hundreds of years of work, about a third of the city still lies buried. Yet there is no rush to unearth these hidden Pompeii neighborhoods. Today’s great challenge is preservation of what has been uncovered. Volcanic ash long protected Pompeii, but much of it has now been exposed to the elements for many years. The combined wear of weather, pollution, and tourists has created a real danger of losing much of what was luckily found preserved.

We hope all the best for this unique slice of ancient times…

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TRAVEL MORE FOR A BETTER HEALTH.

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I’M SURE YOU ALREADY KNOW! But just in case you need it, here is a scientific proof from the U.S Travel Assosiation that Travel is seriously good for our health. 🙂 Image

Last month, the U.S. Travel Association, in partnership with the Global Coalition on Aging and Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies, released the results of a research study that showed a link between travel and positive health outcomes. Basically, the study showed that people who travel are healthier and happier than those who don’t travel.

I imagine some of you might be thinking, “I could have told you that.” But it’s useful to have actual data to back up something that many of us in the travel industry know instinctively.

For instance, the study showed that those who travel are significantly more satisfied in mood and outlook compared to those who do not travel (86 percent compared to 75 percent). Further, 77 percent of Americans who travel report satisfaction with their physical health and well-being, while only 61 percent of those who do not travel say the same. Nearly two-thirds (63 percent) of survey respondents report walking more and getting more exercise on trips than they do at home.

Travel also has cognitive benefits. A white paper released as a complement to the study, titled “Destination Healthy Aging: The Physical, Cognitive and Social Benefits of Travel,” reports that the stimuli associated with travel, including navigating new places, meeting new people and learning about new cultures, can help delay the onset of degenerative disease.

“Travel is good medicine,” explained Dr. Paul Nussbaum, president and founder of the Brain Health Center, Inc. and a clinical neuropsychologist and adjunct professor of Neurological Surgery at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. “Because it challenges the brain with new and different experiences and environments, it is an important behavior that promotes brain health and builds brain resilience across the lifespan.”

The #Talking #Statues of #Rome

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Did you know that inRome they have “talking statues”?

Come find out what is all about..

The so-called “talking statues” are the means by which Rome has always been opposed to the arrogance and corruption of the ruling classes with a great and unique sense of humor.

Since the beginning of the Sixteenth Century , had begun to spread a kind of rebellion to power, with billboards night of epigrams in Latin or Italian at a number of statues that stood in crowded places of the city, so that everyone could read the messages in the morning, before they were removed by the guards. And the authors, of course, remained unknown.

The signs were sometimes poems, sometimes humorous dialogues: from this tradition arose a literary satire denouncing immorality and abuse of power by the mighty men of Rome, but in most cases the target of satire were the pope or the nobility related to him.

Not infrequently then, the buyers of satires were prelates and nobles who wanted to defame those who held the power to take over them.

The people began to assign nicknames to these statues, of which the most famous was “Pasquino” and from here was derived the tradition of calling satires as “Pasquinate” (of Pasquino or from Pasquino).

The production of “Pasquinate”, written even in dialect in Nineteenth Century, continued uninterruptedly until the fall of the temporal power of the Popes and occasional mild forms has continued to the present day: many talking statues seem to have lost the word , but remain however firmly in place .

Pasquino

From 1501 “Pasquino” is located behind the beautiful Piazza Navona, in a small open space named Pasquino square after the statue.

It is a torso of a male figure, probably from the Third Century BC It is so badly preserved that saying certainty who it represents is almost impossible, perhaps a king or a maybe a hero from ancient Greece.

Although little is known about the origin of the nickname, legend has it that the statue had been discovered at a barber shop (or according to another version, a tavern) whose owner was called Pasquino.

One of the most famous joke (Pasquinate) written on it, is the one directed to Pope Urban VIII of the Barberini family, who ordered to remove the Bernini bronze parts from the Pantheon for the realization of the great canopy of S.Peter (1633): “Quod non fecerunt barbarians, fecerunt Barberini” ruled Pasquino.

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Marforio 
Another statue is known as “Marforio”, a long bearded figure lying on a side, which decorates the courtyard of the Palazzo Nuovo, a wing of the Capitoline Museums. Perhaps it is an allegory of a river, probably the Tiber, or maybe it’s Neptune, the God of the seas. His original place of provenance is the Roman Forum, from where it was moved in the late Sixteenth Century.
Marforio was considered the “shoulder” of Pasquino, because some of the satire in the two statues spoke to each other: one was asking questions about social problems or policy, and the other gave witty answers.

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Il Facchino  (the porter)

The “Porter” is a small fountain that represents a male figure, whose face is almost completely deteriorated, he’s pouring water from a barrel, the dress worn by the figure is the typical costume of the guild of porters, from which the name of the character.

The statue was originally located on the main facade of Palazzo De Carolis (Via del Corso) then, in 1874, was moved to the Via Lata, just around the corner.

It dates back to the second half of the Sixteenth Century, and according to a popular tradition was inspired by the figure of a “acquarolo”, the one who collected water from public fountains to sell it doorto door at moderate prices.

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Madama Lucrezia

This huge marble bust, about 3 meters high, is located at the corner of Palazzetto Venezia, in Piazza San Marco. Probably comes from a temple dedicated to Isis and depicts a woman, perhaps a priestess of this cult or perhaps the same as Isis. The nickname comes from the noblewoman Lucrezia d’Alagna, favored by Alfonso of Aragon, King of Naples, who spent his life and lived at the above place in the second half of the fifteenth century.

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Abate Luigi

“Fui dell’alma Roma un cittadino

ora abate Luigi ognun mi chiama

conquistai con Marforio e con Pasquino

dalla satira urbana eterna fama;

ebbi offese, disgrazie e sepoltura,

ma qui vita novella e alfin sicura.”

“I was a citizen of the Soul of Rome

Abbot Luigi now every one calls me

conquered with Marforio and with Pasquino

from urban satire an eternal fame;

I was offended, had misfortunes and burial,

but here at last a safe new life” (more or less this is the meaning)

This brief epitaph reads on the basis that the claims’ “Abate Luigi” in Vidoni square, not far from Piazza Navona, on the left wall of the church of S. Andrea della Valle.

The statue depicts a man in a typical toga of the late Roman era and the nickname was probably inspired by the sacristan of the nearby church of the Shroud (chiesa del Sudario), which, according to popular tradition, resembled very much the statue.

The square was the location of the original ‘”Abate”, but over the centuries it changed location several times and  held in low esteem until in 1924, when it was relocated in the same mall.

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the Baboon

The “Baboon” (il babbuino) is a recumbent figure of Silenus, in front of the church of St.Attanasio of the Greeks, in Via del Babuino. Constitutes the decorative element for a fountain, once used to water the horses on the edge of which the old character is lying since the Renaissance.

The nickname given to the figure is the result of the grinning face of Silenus, the Romans, seeing in it the shape of a monkey, now renamed “baboon”.

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